The primary concern of an institutional review board is to
determine whether deception is necessary.
determine whether informed consent will be obtained.
ensure that the safety of research participants is adequately protected.
evaluate the scientific merit of a proposed study.
Tammy’s experiment compared the effectiveness of videotape and textbook presentation of a history lesson. Unexpectedly, her demeanor changed with each treatment condition. She appeared worried during the videotape condition because the audiovisual equipment periodically broke down. In contrast, she seemed relaxed in the textbook condition during which subjects read from a book. Which problem does this illustrate?
confounding by a context variable
Professor Smith’s class was stunned. She mistakenly included questions from chapter 5 on an exam that was supposed to cover chapters 1-4. In appealing their low grades, the students should diplomatically question the ____of this exam.
Pavlov’s classical conditioning research contained an element of serendipity because Pavlov
did not recognize the importance of what he found.
discovered this learning process through intuition.
intended to study stomach secretions.
predicted this form of conditioning based on prior research.